Last edited by Voll
Wednesday, November 25, 2020 | History

2 edition of Disposal of Excess Spoil from Coal Mining found in the catalog.

Disposal of Excess Spoil from Coal Mining

Disposal of Excess Spoil from Coal Mining

  • 366 Want to read
  • 2 Currently reading

Published by Natl Academy Pr .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Coal Mining,
  • Coal mine waste,
  • Environmental aspects,
  • Reclamation of land,
  • Strip mining

  • The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages207
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL10356729M
    ISBN 100309031974
    ISBN 109780309031974
    OCLC/WorldCa7979061

    The permittee or operator shall place all excess spoil material resulting from surface coal mining and reclamation operations pursuant to this chapter in the following manner: (1) Spoil is transported and placed in a controlled manner in position for concurrent compaction (where advisable) and in such a way as to assure mass stability and to prevent mass movement;. Disposal of Excess Spoil: Head-Of-Hollow Fills (Repealed) Disposal of Excess Spoil: Durable Rock Fills Disposal of Excess Spoil: Preexisting Benches Protection of Underground Mining Coal Mine Waste: General Requirements Coal Processing Waste Banks: Site Inspection (Repealed). Section Disposal of Excess Spoil: Durable Rock Fills; Section Disposal of Excess Spoil: Preexisting Benches; Section Protection of Underground Mining; Section Coal Mine Waste: General Requirements; Section Coal Processing Waste Banks: Site Inspection (Repealed) Section Coal Mine Waste: Refuse Piles.


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Disposal of Excess Spoil from Coal Mining Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Disposal of excess spoil from coal mining and the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of a study of regulatory requirements, engineering practices, and environmental protection objectives: a report.

[National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Disposal of Excess Spoil.;]. § Disposal of excess spoil. (a) Each application shall contain descriptions, including appropriate maps and cross section drawings, of the proposed disposal site and design of the spoil disposal structures according to 30 CFR CCB disposal during coal mining and Excess spoil disposal areas should not be created, or enlarged, to provide capacity for disposal of CCBs.

In a decision concerning the creation of excess spoil, the IBLA noted, "There is nothing ‘automatic’ about the privilege to treat spoil as ‘excess’." [Pacific Coast Coal v. OSM, IBLA On Aug (72 FR ), we published a proposed rule proposing to amend our regulations concerning stream buffer zones, stream diversions, siltation structures, impoundments, and the creation and disposal of excess spoil and coal mine waste.

Among other things, this proposed rule would require that surface coal mining operations be. SUMMARY: We, the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE or OSM), are amending our regulations concerning stream buffer zones, stream-channel diversions, excess spoil, and coal mine waste to comply with an order issued by the U.S.

District Court for the District of Columbia on Februwhich vacated the stream. Concerning the Creation and Disposal of Excess Spoil and Coal Mine Waste and Stream Buffer Zones, OSM-EIS ().

GAO, Surface Coal Mining: Characteristics of Mining in Mountainous Areas of Kentucky and West Virginia, GAO (Washington, D.C.: Dec.

9, ). The excess spoil must be placed in disposal sites adjacent to the mining pits in order to allow for efficient and economical coal extraction.

Typical locations for excess spoil disposal sites are valleys also known as heads-of-hollows or uppermost (headwater) stream reaches. Read More; 4VAC Disposal of Excess Spoil General. Environmental groups have alleged that the rule is an outright prohibition on the disposal of excess spoil that buries streambeds, which could severely limit coal mining.

The term includes underground development wastes, coal processing wastes, excess spoil, but does not mean overburden from surface mining activities. Coal refuse disposal—The storage, placement or disposal of coal refuse. The term includes engineered features integral to the placement of the coal refuse including relocations or diversions of.

Acquisition and disposal of land, how governed § Placement of excess spoil Surface coal mining operations: means activities conducted on the surface of lands in connection with a surface coal mine and surface impacts incident to an underground coal mine. Disposal in excess spoil fills. Coal mine waste may be disposed of in excess spoil fills in accordance with paragraph (J) of rule of the Administrative Code.

(7) Underground disposal. Coal refuse (also described as coal waste, coal tailings, waste material, culm, boney, or gob) is the material left over from coal mining, usually as tailings piles or spoil tips. For every tonne of hard coal generated by mining, kilograms of waste material remains, which includes some lost coal that is partially economically recoverable.

Coal refuse is distinct from the byproducts of. spoil and (4) dip of coal strata. The strike and dip of the coal strata must be known in order to plan an effective drainage plan.

Drainage plans can be enhanced by taking advantage of the dip (or slope) of coal seams in determining which way to drain the benches. This also permits determining which natural drainways to use. WATER DISPOSAL. where the process of mining creates significant amounts of excess spoil material that cannot safety be placed in the mined-out areas.

Surface coal mining operations conduct many types of mining activities related to the disposal of this excess spoil, and this rule changes the regulatory requirements for mining activities that occur.

within. The usual method of disposing of this excess soil and rock is to place it in engineered earthen and rock structures known as excess spoil disposal areas or colloquially known as head-of-hollow fills, hollow fills or valley fills. In some cases underground mining also produces enough spoil to require the construction of valley fills.

Disposal of Excess Spoil: Head-of-Hollow Fills § Disposal of Excess Spoil: Durable Rock Fills § Protection of Underground Mining § Coal Processing Waste Banks: General Requirements § Coal Processing Waste Banks: Site Inspection § Coal Processing Waste Banks: Water Control Measures § Coal.

39 Temporary Impoundments; Disposal of Excess Spoil: General Requirements; Disposal of Excess Spoil: Durable 16 TAC Chapter Coal Mining Regulations Page 2 of 38 1 Rock Fills; Coal Processing Waste Banks: General Requirements; Coal Processing Waste Banks: Site Inspection.

(a) Spoil not required to achieve the approximate original contour within the area where overburden has been removed shall be hauled or conveyed to and placed in designated disposal areas within a permit area, if the disposal areas are authorized for such purposes in the approved permit application in accordance with this section and §§ of this title (relating to Disposal of.

streams; so, many of these excess spoil fills placed in valleys are often constructed over small headwater streams. Figure 1. Excess Spoil Fill. Excess spoil generation and fill construction are almost exclusively limited to states in the central Appalachian coal fields.

During the period October 1, to Jof the ground coal mining activities, coal preparation activities and in situ processing of coal. General rules and procedures for those who engage in coal mining activi-ties, including the activities regulated under this chapter, are in Chapter 86 (relat-ing to surface and underground coal mining: general).

Source. disposal of excess rock from coal mine excavation (“excess spoil”), coal mine waste, and other coal mining activities in and around streams.

They would require minimization of impacts from these activities, and would clarify existing requirements that are not now interpreted consistently. OSM published a proposed excess spoil minimization. Disposal of Underground Development Waste and Excess Spoil: Head-of-Hollow Fills (Repealed) Disposal of Excess Spoil: Durable Rock Fills Disposal of Excess Spoil: Preexisting Benches Coal Mine Waste: General Requirements Coal Processing Waste Banks: Site Inspection (Repealed).

Disposal of Excess Spoil from Coal Mining and the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. In some instances this may require the use of excess spoil generated by mining in adjacent areas.

Complete highwall elimination is not required under KARSection 5, but is encouraged, on existing mine benches which are used solely for the purpose of excess spoil disposal. relating to Coal Mining Regulations Attached is Staff's recommendation to adopt amendments to 16 Tex.

Admin. Code Chapter The amendments better organize and clarify certain procedures, conform Commission rules to federal regulations and guidance, and update references to statutes or editions of external documents. Coal Mine Waste, and Mining Activities in or Near Streams (Washington) – The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM) announced publication in the Federal Register today of a Federal rule that places new restrictions on how coal mine operators can dispose of coal mine waste and the excess spoil created by the mining operation.

The Preventing Government Waste and Protecting Coal Mining Jobs in America is a bill that would amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of to require state programs for regulation of surface coal mining to incorporate the necessary rule concerning excess spoil, coal mine waste, and buffers for perennial and intermittent streams published by the Office of Surface Mining.

The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM) announced publication in the Federal Register in mid-December of a Federal rule that places new restrictions on how coal mine operators can dispose of coal mine waste and the excess spoil created by the mining operation.

Disposal of Excess Spoil Transportation Facilities Rehabilitation of Siltation Structures, Diversions, Impoundments, and Treatment Facilities (Repealed) Support Facilities AUTHORITY: Implementing and authorized by the Surface Coal Mining Land Conservation and Reclamation Act [ ILCS ].

Disposal of excess spoil; Disposal of coal mine waste; Disposal of noncoal mine waste; Coal mine waste dams and impoundments; Stabilization of surface areas; Protection of fish, wildlife, and related environmental values; Backfilling and grading; Revegetation; Postmining land use capability; Roads;   Further, as used in this MOU, the terms "resulting in the placement of excess spoil fills” only applies to disposal of excess spoil or underground development waste in valley, head-of-hollow, or durable rock fills (see definitions and performance standards in 30 CFR and /).”.

Disposal of excess spoil or coal mine waste Protection of underground mining Coal mine waste, general requirements Disposal area inspections Hazardous coal processing waste, water control measures Coal mine waste, refuse piles Coal mine waste, fires Burned waste removal Coal mine waste, dams and.

(a) Disposal of spoil in the head-of-hollow fill shall meet all standards set forth in §§ and of this title (relating to Disposal of Excess Spoil: General Requirements, and to Disposal of Excess Spoil: Valley Fills) and the additional requirements of this section.

Under SMCRA and its implementing regulations, the state regulatory authorities (and OSM in Tennessee) have issued mining permits authorizing disposal of excess spoil, placement of coal wastes and construction of sediment ponds in streams, without adequately evaluating the effect of these activities on water quality and wildlife habitat.

Excess Spoil Disposal Revised; Date: Decem ; Coal Bed Methane Clarification; Date: Novem ; Inactive Status Request for Operations with Valley Fills; Date: Octo ; SWROA Requirements for Existing Permits; Date: ; Excess Spoil and Valley Fill Certification Requirements; Date: ; The amendment approved by OSM pertains to water control measures for valley fills constructed of excess spoil and coal processing waste banks.

(d) Disposal of Excess Spoil: Valley Fill { NMAC} (b) Coal Processing Waste Banks: Water Control Measures { NMAC} 58 FR Decem Disposal of excess spoil; durable rock fills Section Disposal of excess spoil; preexisting benches Section Disposal of excess spoil; zoned concept Section Disposal of excess spoil; incidental reclamation Section Coal mine waste; general requirements Section Coal mine waste; refuse piles Section   Under the Bush rule, coal mine operators are able to dispose of excess mountaintop spoil in perennial and intermittent streams and within feet of those streams whenever alternative options are deemed “not reasonably possible.”.

The Federal regulations for impoundments (30 CFR ), excess spoil disposal (30 CFR ), durable rock fills (30 CFR ), and coal mine waste disposal areas (30 CFR ) all provide for static safety factor of These are all structures that are constructed above the ground level, where no material previously existed.

Among other things, the rule required that mining operations be designed to minimize the creation of excess spoil and that permit applicants consider a range of reasonable alternatives to the disposal of excess spoil and coal mine waste in perennial or intermittent streams or their buffer zones and select the alternative with the least.

For many years, excess spoil from coal mining was generally placed in the extreme headwaters of streams, affecting primarily ephemeral streams that flow intermittently only in direct response to precipitation in the immediate watershed.

Because smaller upstream disposal sites are exhausted.Disposal of coal combustion by-products at surface coal mining operations -- Permitting process -- Requirements for disposal -- Authority for administrative regulations Legislative findings and declaration on backstowing and reinjection of coal processing and coal underground development waste.Appendices through and for the existing Coal Hollow Mine and on Drawings through and Appendices, and for the North Private Lease.

CERTIFICATIONS. Cross Sections and Drawings. All cross sections and Drawings required under applicable portions of sections